Varieties Developed Print

Varieties Developed

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A. Crop Improvement
1. Collection and conservation of germplasm in field
    Germplasm collection and their evaluation is a first step in any crop improvement programme. Under this programme a total of 1474 exotic and indigenous collections have been made in different temperate horticultural crops as listed in Table 1 and are being evaluated for growth yield and quality. The number of genotypes maintained in each crops and number of new genotypes added in each groups during 2003-08 along with important varieties added in field germplasm is given in Table 2. During 2003-08 as many as 267 new collections in different fruit and nut crops 588 in vegetables 111 in ornamental and 19 in medicinal and aromatic plants were made and added to the existing germplasm with over all percent increase of 201 percent.

Table 1: Germplasm collection and conservation at CITH (2003-08)

 

S.No

Crop/Group

Germplasm status

Total collections

% increase during the period

2003

2008

1

Fruits:
Pome
Stone
Nuts
Others

339
163
79
60
37


267
76
40
110
41


606
239
119
170
78


79
47
51
183
111

2

Vegetables

122

588

710

482

3

Ornamentals

28

111

139

396

 

4

Medicinal & aromatic plants

0

19

19

100

 

 

Total

489

985

1474

201

Table 2. New genotypes introduced and collected during the period


a. Fruit crops: pome and stone

 

S.No.

Crop

Before 2003

Additionfrom 2003-08

Present Total

Important varieties added in field germplasm

1

Apple

144

58

202

COE Red Fuji, Spartan Granny Smith, Ginger Gold, Early Red One, Law Red Rome, Scarlet Spur, Florina, Scarlet Gala, Summer Queen, Red Fuji

2

Apricot

48

04

52

Rival,Tilton, S-6, AS-1, AS.2, KS.1, Harcot

3

Peach

04

08

12

Cresthaven, Glohaven, Red Globe, Fantasia

4

Plum

21

08

29

President, Early Italian, Red Plum, Frontier, Diurret, Friar.

5

Pear

19

18

37

Red Bartlett, Max Starkrimson, Z-1(Zirhama), SN (Siri Nakh), BN (Badshah Nakh), FR-1(Farashie)

6

Cherry

06

20

26

Rainer, Stella, Van, Bing, Regina, Lambert, Black Gold, Sweet Heart, Local Selections (18 Nos.)

 

 

Important new genotypes added

              

Ginger Gold-Apple        Glohaven-Peach           Crest haven- Nectarine

    
Bing- Sweet cherry     Early Italian -Prune

b. Nuts:

 

7

Almond

06

20

26

California Paper shell, IXL, Primorskij, Non Pareil, Local Selections and Mission

8

Walnut

54

89

143

SPB-3, HCB-1, HCB-3, KB-1, GKB-1,GKB-2, PSB-2, PSB-1, HKB-4, No-7, RKB-1

9

Hazel nut

01

-

01

Bersaron


        
    Non Pareil             California Paper shell           IXL                     Shalimar

 

10

Strawberry

30

8

38

Camarosa, Chandler, Selva , Fenny, Blackmore, Shasta, Belruby, Dana, Jeolikote Local, Pusa Early Delicious, Etna, Addie, Gorella, Bangalore, Robinson, Dilpasand, BL-13, Steel Master, Pajaro, Oso Grandy, Missionary

11

Kiwi

Nil

06

06

Allison, Monty, Bruno, Hayward, Red Kiwi, Monty

12

Olive

Nil

19

19

Pendolino, Leccino, Frontoio, Cipresino, Maraki.

13

Grape

Nil

03

03

Sahibi, Hussani, Bedana.

14

Pomegranate

07

05

12

Kashmiri Local, G-138, P-23, P-26

d. Vegetable crops

1.

Chilli

90

259

349

Green Wonder, Kashmiri Local and SKUAST selections

2.

Tomato

12

68

80

SH-TH-3, SH-TH-1, Him Sona, WS-6677, NS-6907, Shalimar-2, Shalimar Improved-1, Pusa Divya, Selection-7, Rupali, MS-10, VK-36, MS-16, MS-2, MS-45.

3.

Cucumber

2

5

7

NSx2,SH-CH-1,SH-CH-5, Improved JGL, Pb. Naveen., JGL, Pioneer Pickling, Green Express,

4.

Pea

0

32

32

AP-3, AP-1, Arkel, Arka Sampurna, Azad P-1, DVRT-1, DVRT-2, H-86, PB-88, PB-89

5.

Capsicum

4

22

26

Niskhat-1, Bombay, Orobelle, NS-281, NS-284, SH-SP-3, SH-SP-3-1, SH-SP-4, SH-SP-4-1, SH-SP-5, SH-SP-11, SH-SP-21, SH-SP-32, SH-SP-52, SH-SP-461, SH-SP-603, SH-SP-603-1, SH-SP-610, SH-SP-610-1, SH-SP-624, SH-SP-706, Multilobed Japan, SH-SP-1, SH-SPH-5, California Wonder, KTPL-19

6.

Brinjal

0

11

11

SH-BH-1, SH-BH-2, APAU-SEL-4, Sadabahar, Arka Kartik, Local Long, Pb. Sadabahar, Pb. Barsati, Pb. Neelam, Jamuni Gola, Pb. Nageena

7.

Leafy vegetables

0

04

04

Coriander, Palak, Parsley, Celery

8.

Cucurbits

0

10

10

Melons, Gourds, Pumpkin

9.

Cauliflower

0

05

05

Snow Queen, KT-25, Snow Grave

10.

Cabbage

0

07

07

Golden Acre, Green Challenger

11.

Radish

0

05

05

Pusa Himani, Early White Round, Long Scarlet

12.

Carrot

0

66

66

Pusa Yamdgani, Early Nantes, SKUF-RSF, Kashmiri Black, C-39, C-108, Chamman, Kurosa Improved, SKUAST selections.

13.

Kale

0

56

56

NW-SAAG-1-22, NW-SAAG-23, NW-SAAG-24, NW-SAAG-25, NW-SAAG-26, NW-SAAG-28, NW-SAAG-29, NW-SAAG-30, NW-SAAG-33, NW-SAAG-34, NW-SAAG-38, NW-SAAG-39, NW-SAAG-40, NW-SAAG-41, NW-SAAG-42, NW-SAAG-43, NW-SAAG-44, NW-SAAG-45, NW-SAAG-47, NW-SAAG-48, NW-SAAG-50, NW-SAAG-51, Sel-4, Sel-5, Sel-6, Khanyar, SKUAST selections

14.

Lettuce

0

22

22

LS-2, Ice Berge, Revolution Red, Bogambo, SKUAST selections

15.

Onion

0

14

14

Linda Vista, Cauger, Mercedes, Lucifer, BSS-258, BSS-255, Coral Red, Spanish Brown, Basant-780, N-2-4-1, Pb. Narooya, Onion-3, Onion-4, Ampordan, BSS-441

16.

French Beans

0

02

02

Anupam, Contender

17.

Saffron

14

0

14

Elite clones

e. Ornamental crops (RS, Mukteshwar)

1.

Rose

05

03

08

Happiness,Crimson Glory, Avon,Perfume Delight,Suryakiran, Kiss of Fire, Iceberg,Mrinalini, Frenchki Durvi

2.

Gladiolus

21

15

36

Pusa Gulaal , High Style, Novalux, Superstar, Summer Rose, Pusa Jyotsana, Legend, Snow Princess, Pusa Swarnima, Green Bay, Light Purple, Chantiler, Peter Pears, Apple Blossom, Pusa Shabnam, Pusa Gunjan, Pusa Archana, Pusa Urmi, Green Bay, Sylvia, Ratna’s Butterfly Vink’s Glory, White, Prosperity, Punjab Morning, Sunset Sky, Jester, Red Majesty

Chrysanthemum

0

10

10

Ajay, Baggi, Kundan , Fiji, Tata Century, White Bouquet, Tha Chai Queen, Mountaineer, Birbal Sahni

 

4.

Carnation

2

12

14

Frivote, Master , Firato, Raggio-De Sale, Vienna, Tabor, Liberty, Farida, Dark Rendezvous,Laurella,Prato Mint,Niva, Charment

5.

Lilium

0

05

05

Tresor, Gironde, Pink Superior, Brunello, Navana

6.Tulip

0

04

04

Exotic cultivars from Holland

 

7.

Gerbera

0

40

40

Exotic cultivars

8.Alestromaria

0

02

02

Exotic cultivars

 

9.Salvia

0

04

04

Exotic cultivars

 

10.

Others bulbous plants

0

16

16

Agapanthus, Iris, Amaryllis, Hymenocallis, Hemerocallis (Day lily), Crinum(Spider lily), Morea, Montbratia, Dahlia, Canna, Zantedeschia, Alestromaria, Kniphofia ( Torch lily), Gladiolus (Sword lily), Ranunculus, Narcissus

Total

489

985

1474

 

 

 

f. Clonal rootstocks maintained:-

 Apple    :    MM.106, MM.111, M.9, EMLA-106, M-26, M-27,     ANLARP, B-9,
                   M. baccata, M. sargentii, M.sikkimensis, M. floribunda,

                   M. microcarpa, M. simcoe, M. purpuria, M. mandscurica, M. eseltine, M. prunifolia, M. robusta,

                   M. orientale, M. crimson brilliant, M.  sieboldii

 

 
Cherry    :    Mazzard, Mahaleb, Colt

Fruit yield of promising apple varieties

          Among 51 varieties evaluated five varieties of apple have been noticed promising in terms of yield per ha. In the 6 year of plant age maximum yield was recorded in cv. Oregon Spur (13.16 t/ha) followed by Silver Spur (12.60 t/ha), Red Chief (12.60 t/ ha) Red Fuji (12.00 t/ha) and Vance Delicious (10.24 t/ha).  

 

Varieties

Yield t/ha 6 year old plants (1600 plants/ha)

1.

Silver Spur

12.60

2.

Vista Bella

9.40

3.

Golden Delicious

9.60

 

4.

Starkrimson

6.72

5.

Red Delicious

9.20

6.

Cooper-IV

7.20

7.

Vance Delicious

10.24

8.

Red Chief

12.60

9.

Top Red

8.00

10.

Red Fuji

12.00

11.

Oregon spur

13.16

 

 

   Oregon Spur                     Red Chief                   Silver Spur


   Vance Delicious

 

Walnut:

   Fifty four genotypes were evaluated for yield and various superior nut characters. Among the genotypes, the best walnut landraces identified on the basis of yield and quality traits are.

 

S.No

Trait

Best land races identified

01.

Nut Weight (g)

LG-5 (27.16), LG-10 (24.62 g), LG-9 (21.90), LG-7 (21.75), SPS-3 (19.45), LG-11 (18.64), LG-18 (18.63)

02.

Kernel Weight (g)

LG-5 (12.76), LG-10 (12.61), LG-9 (11.24), LG-7 (11.26), SPS-3 (11.54), LG-11 (10.69), LG-18 (10.02)

03.

Kernel recovery (%)

SPS-3 (59.39), BBW-8 (58.38), AB-A (59.69), LG-18 (58.07), GB-2 (53.00), YKB-4 (52.70), NU (51.63)

04.

Shell colour (light)

LG-5,LG-7,SPS-3,HN-1,YKB-4

05.

Shell texture (smooth)

CG-5, LG-10, SPS-3, LG-11, LG-18, PPM-4, HN-1, YKB-4

06.

Kernel colour (extra light)

SS-7, BBW-8, YKB-4, KPT-5

07.

Yield (Kg/tree)

HN-1 (100), CG-5 (60), LG-9 (60), LG-11 (50), PPM-4 (50)

08.

Soft to very soft shelled walnut genotypes

LG-5, LG-10, LG-9, LG-7, SPS-3, LG-11, LG-18, PPM-4, HN-1, YKB-4

 

   

     LG-5                                    LG-7                                      LG-9


 

   LG- 11                                  LG-18

 
Promising varieties identified in almond
     From among twenty six cultivars evaluated nine promising almond cultivars were identified based on yield and quality for commercial exploitation. The elite genotypes with nut yield and kernel recovery is given as under.

 

Name of variety / shell type

Nut yield expected in 10th year (t/ha)

Kernel recovery (%)

IXL (Soft shelled)

2.50

54.96

MERCED(Papery)

2.00

56.2

PRIMOSKIJ(Papery)

2.50

55.38

PRANAYAJ (Soft shelled)

2.50

50.00

NON-PARIEL(Papery)

2.50

59.48

SHALIMAR(Papery)

2.00

49.64

 

MAKHDOOM(Soft shelled)

2.00

42.36

WARIS(Soft shelled)

3.00

48.44

California paper shell(Papery)

2.00

50.00

 

Apricot:

Ten genotypes were evaluate for yield and quality and identified four promising genotypes for commercial exploitation.

Promising genotypes identified in apricot

S. No.

Variety

Yield (t/ha) at 6th year

Av. TSS oBrix

1.

KS.1

8.76

13.2

2.

Harcot

5.86

15.6

3.

Afgani

4.00

12.1

4.

AS.1

6.40

16.7

5.

AS.2

8.13

13.2


             KS.1                                         AS.1                                      AS.2   


Pomegranate:

Three promising varieties as indicated below were identified from among seven genotypes having high TSS, Juice percent and yield for commercial exploitation.

 

Cultivar

Av.Fruit Yield (t/ ha) in 6th year old plants

TSS (%)

Juice (%)

Dholka

10.60

15.40

50.74

Bedana

8.76

 

15.79

51.17

Kandhari

8.38

15.80

49.95

Local Kashmiri

4.51

13.90

49.44

Promising vegetable varieties/ hybrids for temperate region

Tomato :Number of varieties evaluated --80

Varieties identified : H-86, KS-17, Arka Saurabh, DVRT-2, and Roma

Hybrids identified : CR x DVRT-1, CR x EC-362957, CR x Roma,

                            Pb. Chhuhara x EC-362957, Pb. Chhuhara x DARL-304

        CR x Roma                                     CR x DVRT-1                 Pb. Chhuhara X EC 362957

 

Chilli:

Five promising lines each have been identified for various traits from among 349 genotypes tested and have been listed below along with the best two collections superior in terms of both yield and quality.

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Thursday, 21 August 2014 12:42